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La Boheme (Giacomo Puccini) Premiere, 1 February 1896. Cesira Ferrani (Mimi) and Evan Gorga (Rodolfo)

Jul 23, 2014

Theodore (Tobia, Vito) Kittay (Tenor) (near St. Petersburg 1887 - USA 1965)


                                                        with Giacomo Puccini


He was of jewish origin. Since 1902 he lived at St. Petersburg and in 1905 he studied singing at the St. Petersburg Conservatory under the pedagogue Stanislav Gabel. In 1912 together with his family he went to New York, where he additionally studied privately with Pasquale Amato. He appeared almost exclusively together with Japanese soprano Tamaki Miura (1884-1946), who undertook big tours in the 1924-32 seasons appearing in G. Puccini's ''Madama Butterfly''  and ''Iris'' of P. Mascagni. Already in 1917 he appeared opposite her at the Boston Opera in P. Mascagni's ''Iris''. When Tamaki Miura began in 1920 her big European tours, he sang as her partner at the Italian opera houses. Besides, he appeared in Europe under the pseudonym Vito. After his retirement he worked at the Chicago Conservatory.

Chronology of appearance

1917 Boston Opera House Iris (Osaka)

RECORDINGS FOR SALE








Columbia, New York 1917-11-09
Madama Butterfly (Puccini): Love duet with Tamaki Miura 49265

Brunswick 1921
Meierke Mein Sohn  40000-B


Jul 21, 2014

Emile (Emiel) van Bosch (Baritone) (Boom, Belgium 1886 - Amsterdam 1940)




He had already made epoch-making work for Flemish composers as Peter Benoit (1834-1901) and his follower Jan Blockx (1851-1912), when he leaved his country in 1914 to the Netherlands, that became his second homeland. He made his debut on December 14th in the Hollandsche Schouwburg at Amsterdam in the opera ''Miss Helyett'' from the French composer Edmond Audran (1840-1901) and build a wide repertoire, that besides opera also included operetta, lieder and songs. He sang roles as Valentijn (''Faust'', Gounod), Alfio (''Cavalleria Rusticana'', Mascagni), Tonio (''Paljas'', Leoncavallo), Scarpia (''Tosca'', Puccini), Escamillo (''Carmen'', Bizet) Sharpless (''Madame Butterfly'', Puccini) and Giorgio Germont (''La traviata'', Verdi). His last appearance on stage was on May 24th, 1926 at Amsterdam in the Theater Carré as Escamillo in ''Carmen''.

Chronology of some appearances

1914 Amsterdam Hollandsche Schouwburg Miss Helyett
1926 Amsterdam Theater Carré Carmen


RECORDINGS FOR SALE








Gramophone, den Haag 1919-08-19
Geen lenteloover ruischt zoo zoet (Sauiwen) 7-92034 20764u

Homocord, 1922-07-07
De Stomme van Portici: (La Muette de Portici) Veel liever sterven (Plutôt mourir) with Morrisson 50649
Pecheurs de perles (Bizet): Duo with Morrisson 50650
Goublier. Angelus der zee (L'Angelus de la mer) with Morrisson 50651
Faure. Le Crucifix! (in Dutch) with Morrisson 50652

Homocord, 1922-07-08
Carmen (Bizet): Duo with Morrisson 50653
Lucia van Lammermoor: (Lucia di Lammermoor) Edgard, ja ik! (O piu rapido) with Morrisson 2-50654

Homocord, 1922/1923
Rigoletto (Verdi): Geef my myn dochter weder 50657

Homocord, 1923-05-05
Thais (Massenet): Duo Thais-Athanael with Santhagens 51023

Homocord, 1923-05-07
Forza del destino (Verdi): Duo with Morrisson 51027
Madama Butterfly (Puccini): Duo with Morrisson 51028
Faust (Gounod): Trio with  Morrisson and Bouwmeester 51031
Rigoletto (Verdi): Kwartet with Morrisson, Bouwmeester and Santhagens 51032


Jul 20, 2014

Louis Morrisson (Tenor) (Antwerpen 1888 - Antwerpen 1934)



Eleazar

                                                               Eleazar


Louis Morrisson (pseudonym fir Ludovicus Moyson) was born at Anversa, Belgium, on May 11th, 1888, in a middle-class family, which gave him the opportunity to study in the French language at the Malonne College (Belgian Ardennes). Predisposed to music and aspiring to a career in it, he became a pupil of the well-known composer Edgard Tinef at the Lemmens Institute, Malines, from 1901 to 1907, learning fugue, counterpoint and composition, as he wished to become an organist. It was his professor, Tinel, who discovered his beautiful tenor voice, which was completely formed at the age of thirteen and at (his time he regularly sang at the Christmas services in the cathedrals of Malines and Anversa. At this age too he had the honor of singing before their Royal Highnesses Prince Albert and Princess Elisabeth, who were both impressed with the magnificent tone of his voice. Completing his musical studies in 1907 he was due to leave for London, where he had a contract as organist at Westminster Abbey, when family circumstances obliged him to retract. Encouraged by his friends Morrisson finally decided to follow up the possibility of a vocal career and sang in some concerts in Anversa and in Amsterdam where he aroused the interest of the art-director of the Rembrand Theatre. At this time the Rembrand Theatre was a house devoted entirely to opera, directed by an old Belgian tenor, Mr. Desirée Pauwels, who engaged Morrisson and his debut as an operatic tenor took place during the 1909-10 season on October 1st. The role was Manrico in Verdi’s "Il Trovatore" and he sang it on eight successive nights, with co-artists Cato Engelen-Sewing, s., Irma Lozin, mezzo, Carl Butter, br. and Joseph Orelio, br.. During his years at this theatre Morrisson sang a varied repertoire: apart from Trovatore; La Bohème, Les Huguenots, La Juive, Faust, Lucia di Lammermoor, Guglielmo Tell, Werther, Mignon, Tosca, La Favorita, Rigoletto, Aida, Madame Butterfly, Le Postillon de Lonjumeau, Herodiade, Cavalleria Rusticana and Pagliacci, two works he customarily sang on the same evening throughout his career. He also sang in "La Traviata" and "Carmen" with the internationally famous Sigrid Arnoldson. During his Netherlands Opera engagement Morrisson sang (in 1913 and 1914) several performances at the Anversa Royal Opera, where a very enthusiastic public cheered him in Martha, Der Freischütz, Les Contes d'Hoffmann, Quinten Massys, Eugen Onegin, Cavalleria Rusticana and Pagliacci, etc., and where he created in the Dutch language "Alpenlied'', "Le Jongleur de Notre Dame" and "I Gioielli della Madonna". During the same season of the performances of this beautiful work of Wolf Ferrari at the Royal Flemish Opera, Leon Campagnola was singing the same role at the Anversa Royal French Opera. In consequence opera lovers went from one theatre to the other, making comparisons, and despite the great and undoubted merit of M. Campagnola, at the time at the peak of his glorious career, both the critics of the time and the public were even more favourable to "this young tenor with his prodigal voice" as several wrote at the time. The two tenors went to see and hear each other. Fortunately they were introduced and eventually became good friends. This friendship between two exceptional artists grew during the 1914-18 war and remained as long as they lived. One day, after a performance of I Gioielli della Madonna at which Campagnola was present to hear and cheer his young rival, Campagnola said, in an admiring and convinced voice, "My friend, if I had your voice and my experience, which is so much greater than yours can be by now, at this time my fame would be as great as Caruso’s and, believe me, I'm convinced of what I'm telling you". This was in January 1914, a few months before the great disaster which not only had such dramatic consequences for the entire world, but seriously affected the career of our young tenor who a few weeks later, through a Berlin impresario, signed a five-year contract for the Chicago Opera, then managed by Dippel. This contract bound Morrisson for the seasons 1914 to 1919 in the tenor roles of Il Trovatore, Guglielmo Tell, La Juive, La Favorita, Cavalleria Rusticana and Pagliacci, La Forza del Destino, Aida and Lucia di Lammermoor. Unfortunately owing to the explosion of the Great War this contract had to be annulled. Morrisson made his first recordings, commencing in 1910 in Berlin for Favorite Records, then in London for Columbia in 1911 and in 1913 in Paris for Pathe. The six vertical cut records he made there appeared first on 35cm. discs, then they were cut on 25cm. and still later they were re-recorded on to 25cm needle-cut. From 1918 to 1920 some recordings were made for the Polydor company (Reneyphone-Polyphon-Musola). In 1919 Morrisson returned to Anversa, then had a concert tour covering London, Manchester and other British cities, following which he visited the singing-pedagogue, M. Edmond Delit, another Belgian. At a much later press interview Morrisson stated, "Monsieur Delil gives his singing lessons following the old Italian methods of Emanuel Garcia, Pauline Viardot-Garcia and Blanche Marchesi. He has now settled as a singing master in Paris and today - here inserting shyly - thanks to the successes I have everywhere I'm singing in France today he is the professor who is consulted by almost all the artists of L'Opera and the Opera-Comique for instruction and for his wide knowledge of the science of voice-placing". M. Delit was not only Morrisson’s teacher, but as impresario managed all Morrisson’s contracts during his stay in France. In fact he settled in Paris from July 1919 - at Neuilly-sur-Seine - and made his opera debut for that country in the part of Eleazar, La Juive, on January 16th, 1920, at Le Havre. There is an interesting press interview report given the day following the performance. To a question from one of the reporters Morrisson answered, "What you were told, dear sir, is quite correct' The manager of your Lyric Theatre really was afraid about me. because at the 'Italienne' (short piano accompanied rehearsal) yesterday afternoon I sang in half voice and by-passed the long passages. So when I had returned to my hotel this gentleman said - about me - 'But good heavens, our first falcon s. will certainly strike this gentleman, who doesn’t even dare to let us hear his voice. Whatever will happen tonight! At the beginning of the performance last night - on hearing the br. like notes of my first act entree as Eleazar 'et pourquoi pas, et pourquoi pas?' he cried. 'Do you hear, they have sent me a br., it’s the biggest disaster of my life!' But I can assure you, after my encore of 'O, ma fille cherie' he came to me and kissed me, tears of joy and emotion in his eyes and told me what his first thoughts had been. I am not at all angry about this for he is not the first who made this error, misled by the baritonal 'grave' of my voice, but this way I can always say a lot for the performance, which generally comes as a great ‘surprise' . . ." And a current critic wrote, "We have often heard 'La Juive' but never felt the same emotions as we did last night, when we heard and saw the new tenor Louis Morrisson in the role of Eleazar. Have our senses played us false? We don’t think so and have the firm conviction that Mr. Morrisson is a genuinely superior artist. How many famous tenors have we cheered in this role? Yet nevertheless, when we compare - and this is what we do instinctively - all those great artists did not reach the same peak of perfection. Mr. Morrisson possesses the required organ and musical science, and even when other singers have the same qualities, Morrisson has something the others usually lack, a real acting ability: a real scenic science. This science he translates through his voice, his mimicry, his gait and costume. His voice is really of a marvellous purity, very homogeneous with a splendid and easy attack. He portrays the role in an original manner and the character of his Shylock-like Jew is a remarkable one, growing from the first note to the end. Starting from his 'O ma fille cherie' the audience was in a really delirious mood and one 'Encore' after another sounded. The Passover scene of the second Act was of dramatic sobriety. Concerning the fourth Act we can only say that it brought the warmest 'bravo’s', so that our tenor was absolutely obliged to sing a second time the famous, and so difficult, 'Dieu m'eclaire, fille chore'...  "M. Morrison sang "La Juive" more than 1,200 times during his career, with the famous falcon Mme. Mathilde Comes and the basses Paul Aumonier, Paul Payan, Albert Huberty, Henri Bloemgarten and M. Raybaud. In this role he was acclaimed at the Gaite Lyrique where he conquered all Paris on November 21st, 1921. The Press wrote the following morning: "The Gaite Lyrique has discovered a new tenor, Monsieur Louis Morrisson. This is an heroic tenor: he sings 'La Juive'. After the fourth Act he brought the whole audience to its feet! It was the enthusiasm of a great night'. The curtain was raised again and again and we had the honour to hear an encore. So M. Morrisson began again and could have sung for a third time his famous 'grand-air', as he did not give the least impression of tiredness or effort. He really is made for singing in large houses, because he has an astonishing, easy emission and his tones, every tone, really fill the house. He certainly will be acclaimed in the Opera Comique, but his real scene of action should be L'Opera. Let us hope (he managers of our lyric theatres will go to hear M. Morrisson, for we do not possess many heroic tenors and this one ranks amongst the greatest." The remainder of the cast that night were Mme. Madesky (Rachel), the bass Emil Roque (Brogni), Vina Bovy (Eudoxie) and M. Burdino (Leopold). On December 21st, same year, the following criticism appeared in a Paris newspaper: "Last night there was a performance at L'Opera of 'I Pagliacci' with a new Belgian tenor in the title role, M. Morrisson. Here he was as good as Canio as he was last month at the Gaite Lyrique a good Eleazar. In this role he again displays his fine vocal and scenic gifts, portraying in a perfect manner the painful and fatal jealousy, bringing maximum effects to the pathetic situations. His vocal power and ease over the whole register from the highest to the lowest tones made of the grand air a 'lamento' of breathtaking dimensions; further M. Morrisson makes of the other famous and difficult pages really unique compositions, convincing by the life-like outbursts of passion. M. Morrisson gave an encore and won a very warm and intense ovation and the warmth of this increased in strength at the end of the opera." A few months later Morrisson made his debut at the Opera Comique on May 15th, 1922, in "Cavalleria Rusticana" and this was another triumphant success for him. He carried the title of thisinstitution for the remainder of his life. The following day’s report ran: "The main interest of the audience was especially excited by the appearance on stage of the new tenor, Morrisson, making his debut on our big lyrical stage. His mighty voice, incredibly easy in the highest notes, his acting intelligence as well as a young and warm conviction have given us a splendid and vibrant interpretation of Turiddu. The fullness of his notes throughout his entire register, as well as their long duration made us think immediately at the ‘souvenir' of our most outstanding tenors. Considering the fact that he is not a Frenchman there is not a trace of foreign accent when he sings, articulating very intelligibly. Every word is understandable for the public, which brought him, of course, an enthusiastic ovation, almost without comparison, at the end of the night, making him repeat the 'Vive le vin qui petille' given in a really splendid manner, the high notes pealing above the chorus with an astonishing ease. After this night we are convinced that M. Morrisson has conquered all the real Parisian connoisseurs and we hope to see him often on the stage of our National Academy of Music." During this period Morrisson appeared on all the great stages of France. Look what the critics wrote at Toulouse, to every great singer a most redoubtable town, after a performance of "II Trovatore"."M. Morrisson, the tenor who was so appreciated by our citizens some time ago in 'La Juive', 'Guillaume Tell' and 'Les Huguenots' had naturally an enthusiastic welcome in the part of Manrico. We will not say again that M. Morrison has found a role that suits him, no, it was much better than that. By singing this part his stature has increased, if possible, because his Manrico, with its high notes, trumpeted with ease, sureness and unbelievable suppleness has filled the lovers of Grand Opera with Joy. His easy, mighty, full warm and well-limbered voice has astonished everybody once again. Firstly in his ‘serenade' in the first Act, then in the second Act duet with Azucena. He was obliged to sing the 'mal reggendo' and the famous 'Ah! che la morte ignore' of the Miserere scene twice; and concerning 'Di! quella pira' this grew into a delirious success with no less than three encores. An unforgettable night for lovers of grand opera and heroic tenors." We find M. Morrison back, in "Guglielmo Tell" of Rossini at Marseilles on January 30th, 1921, when the press wrote the following about him: "He arrived here in Marseilles yesterday afternoon from Le Havre. In that town he had sung 'La Juive' the night before and last night he had to sing the part of Arnold. It was a real revelation, with each Act his success grew and it is true that yesterday’s performance of this Rossini work was one that our stage had never seen previously. M. Morrison is not the traditional heroic tenor, he is a real 'mixed tenor' who must be marvellous in 'Gli Unonotti' or 'Faust' in which we should love to hear him. He triumphed in the 'fort' and all the top notes. The power of his voice unleashed stormy ovations, and in the indicated places this brilliant tenor presented some sublime mezzo-voce phrases, with which this brilliant tenor fills his hearers with ecstasy. Right from the first Act, after the 'Mathilde io t'amo d'amore' sung with love and emphasis, loud ovations resounded. The same was true for the duet with Mathilde, Mlle. Marguerite Charpentier, and the famous trio, Arnold, William, Walter, with Mss. Weber and Aumonier, caused a long continued ovation. The crown to this work was without doubt the encore given by M. Morrisson to the famous Act 4 air 'O muto asil', and the stretta 'Corriam, corriamo' brought a minute’s long ovation. At no time did the histrionic Morrisson give way to the singer. Natural acting, expressive mimicry, the artist portrayed as well as is possible all the emotions of the character. M. Morrisson is incontestably one of the most remarkable artists we have seen here at Marseilles." And a newspaper extract from Bordeaux, January 20th, 1922: "The superior talents of M. Morrisson, a singer we have heard up to now in his successes as heroic tenor - La Juive, Les Huguenots, Guglielmo Tell etc.- gave us during yesterday’s performance of 'Rigoletto' real life to the personage of the Duke of Mantua. The strength, purity and durability of his beautiful voice added to the beauty of the famous pages of this work. Especially the love-duet and the 'La donna e mobile' which he had to repeat of course. The interpreter of Rigoletto was Jean Note and Gilda was sung by Mlle. Duffan." "M. Morrisson in Les Huguenots" is the heading to an article from an Avignon paper in 1922. "The Raoul of M. Morrisson alone justifies mounting the opera. With a tenor of such capacities and well-established fame, success was assured in advance. Not only was it a success, but a genuine triumph. To begin with. the 'Plus blanche que la blanche hermine' was sung in such a way, so homogeneous a voice, such superb high tones, that M. Morrisson had to repeat it. The 'o mon épée of the third Act was a triumph, but the climax we had all been waiting for was certainly in the fourth Act, the 'Ou vas-tu? - Laisse-moi' and the 'Oui, tu l'as dit'' which brought the most frenetic response from the public. The 'demi-teintes' were magnificent and the high tones, brilliant and of exactitude and purity; the stage acting was sober, measured and natural. Let us mark this night with a little white cross, because it was a brilliant one. In one word-unforgettable. M. Morrisson is certainly one of the most beautiful Raouls we have ever heard." The immortal work of Massenet was also one which he much liked to sing: I mean "Werther", of which I reproduce here an article, one amongst many, from the town of Nimes in 1924. "It really happens very seldom that we can hear a voice like this of M. Morrisson, so strong, so homogeneous, as good in the low tones as in the medium and the high. Nevertheless this heroic tenor with his trumpet like high sounds makes this mighty voice supply lender in the marvellous melodical fiorituri of Werther. Last night M. Morrisson sang it for us, it is the first time we have heard him here in this part, in which he can vocally translate the melancholic psychology, with a voice that gave itself in an astonishing manner to the passages of tenderness and charm, but sounded like a trumpet in the 'Invocation a la nature' and the 'Couplets d'Ossian'. This really prodigal tenor will never cease to bring us from one surprise to another, and at each of his appearances, in each new part, he will keep us under his spell; for his sober, fine acting, full of contained passion, enveloped by a veil of melancholic sadness had kept us so during all this performance. The least we can say is that it was an immense success and the cheers at the end of the night were endless." So nobody will be astonished to learn that this prodigal "mixed tenor" won brilliant success in "Faust", this is what the Marseillians wrote in 1923: "Last night there was a full house for the repeat of the ever-young masterwork of Gounod, with Mrs. Morrisson and Huberty in the parts of the Doctor and Mefistofeles. "The talented tenor Louis Morrisson, who we cheered last year in...  sang this work for us; with his splendid, gripping and powerful voice obtaining, of course, the lion’s share of the night’s success. From the first scene the bravo’s sounded, and grew, if possible, after the masterly interpreted duet. On hearing the famous cavatine by this singer, one is moved to the soul and the 'encores' obliged the great tenor to repeat this difficult aria. In the final trio 'Anges purs, anges radieux' his brilliant and prodigal voice was marvelously beautiful; this voice that by its smoothness, in the high as well as the low register is one of the most beautiful we know and is fascinating to the most discerning of listeners." And a commentary on "La Favorita" at Toulouse, May 1923: "Last night we had 'La Favorita' on the play bill, with M. Morrisson, the famous tenor of the Opera Comique. This part, one of the most difficult that exists requires a vocal sumptuousness that very few tenors have at their disposal. The air of the first Act 'Un ange, une femme inconnue' sung in a perfect mezza-voce, finished in such a brilliant manner, unleashed such enthusiasm from the public that a repeat was an obligation, as well as the air from the fourth act 'Ange si pur, que dans un songe' that was sung in a marvellous manner. M. Morrisson is not distinguishing himself solely by his voice with the prodigal timbre, but also by his acting, always adapted to the situation and by his facial expression. Numerous recalls at the end of the evening confirm our personal opinion: M. Morrisson is an exceptional heroic tenor, in the full meaning of the word; a tenor, we hope, we will hear again very soon in our town of Toulouse." At Bordeaux the same year we find in a newspaper article about "Carmen": "Too many tenors confound Des Grieus, Werther and Don Jose. There is nevertheless a vast difference between them and we could easily find all the depths of this difference in the interpretation by M. Morrisson of this legendary personage, the 'bandit-for love', this wild and sad human being. The conception of Mr. Morrisson remains very close to reality. First he is the simple plebeian, full of distrust for Carmen, the seductress, and it is only by the carnal desire that overwhelms him completely that he will be vanquished and follow her. His mimic art rends completely all the feelings that made him act so, consequently it was a very convincing Don Juan we had the opportunity to cheer, rousing, conquering his public in a really extraordinary manner. The voice of M. Morrisson is of a purity, a warmth and an exactness in all the registers, in the flower-song it unchained an unparalleled ovation and the following encore ended on a real storm of applause. It was an immensely successful opera night thanks to the participation of this magistral tenor M. Morrisson." Again in a Toulouse newspaper dated December 1923 I find an eulogy of his Radames interpretation: "After a few months absence we meet again on our bill - and this with great pleasure - the name of Louis Morrisson of the Opera Comique, the tenor who is so highly appreciated by our Toulouse public and who, certainly, is one of the very few tenors holding the attention of the world of the theatre. After the 'Celeste Aida' a tremendous ovation obliged him to repeat this famous aria which he gave with his large and vibrant voice, this voice of an incomparable suppleness and endurance that borders on the impossible, and which he projects very easily, from the lowest to the very brilliant, thrilling highest tones, with a style and exactness which compel unlimited admiration and show possession of a most sure singing-method. It is true that after having pampered us here in La Juive, Les Huguenots and Guglielmo Tell we didn’t expect less in this part. But once again his success was immense, a real triumph, and the recalls at the end of the night were unique in the annals of our theatre."At San Sebastian, Spain, in August 1921, where some days earlier he had sung "Pagliacci" with Marcel Journet in the part of Tonio and Mme. Rizzini as Nedda, a description of "La Boheme" runs: "The performance of 'La Boheme', which was given last night with the same interpreters as in 'Pagliacci' last Thursday was one that will certainly linger long in memory. The tenor Louis Morrisson, of Belgian origin, drew us the personage of Rodolfo in a manner that was excellently true to life, with all the ardent passion as well as the necessary tenderness of love, infinitely poignant and human. It is an impersonation in flesh and bones, as was his Canio some days ago, in a different manner. After his great aria of the first Act the ovations broke loose and he was obliged to repeat. M. Morrisson possesses a very rare solid and caressing ‘timbre' at the same time. His notes are produced with perfect purity. His register is one of the widest we know and he moves within it with unusual ease. Yes, M. Morrisson is really a beautiful tenor and a great artist, I should even say: 'A perfect artist, a complete one' . . ." And so we can say that the great reputation of M. Morrisson triumphed on all the great French lyrical stages, from Paris to Marseilles and from Biarritz to Strasbourg, through Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpelier, Le Havre, Avignon, Grenoble, Monte-Carlo, Nancy and many other towns. It is in France, in the part of Eleazar of 'La Juive' that this singer obtained a world-wide reputation in a record time. In Spain, at Madrid, Barcelona and San Sebastian he roused public enthusiasm in La Juive, Pagliacci, Cavalleria Rusticana, La Boheme, Les Huguenots, Guglielmo Tell and many other roles. In north Italy, at Turin, Genoa, Aosta, Biella and Asta during a gala cycle of French performances he went from one triumph to another in La Juive, Les Huguenots, Faust, Hérodiade, Romeo et Juliette, Carmen, Sigurd, Lakmé, Werther, Les Pêcheurs de Perles and Louise. In Switzerland, at Geneva and Lausanne, to which he returned every season during his stay in France, he had, as everywhere else, a lasting success in his specialities-those mentioned above for Italy and Spain, plus Rigoletto, Tosca, Werther, II Trovatore and La Favorita. In Belgium, at Anversa’s Opera Royal Francais, Liege, Verviers, Namur, Ghent, Mons, Charleroi, he sang all his great operatic successes. A proverb has it "No man is a saint in his own country", but Morrisson was the exception that proves the rule. The least we can say is that he was carried on people’s shoulders in triumph. In Germania our singer received ovations everywhere he appeared during his concert-tours in Berlin, Dusseldorf, Munich, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Dresden and Leipzig. In England he sang in London, Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Northampton, Nottingham and Southampton. The Netherlands, where he had made his debut and had stayed during the Great War, public continued to acclaim him in La Juive, II Trovatore, Faust, Carmen, etc., etc. but at the same time he created, in Dutch, a great number of operettas of French and Viennese origin: Les Saltimbanques, Gri-Gri, Rip-Rip (which ran for months). La Mascotte, Les 28 Jours de Clairette, Der Bettelstudent, Der Rastel-binder, Die Geisha, Vendetta and many others. M. Morrisson had, and still has, numerous enthusiastic admirers there, and faithful friends who clamoured continuously for him, and so, even during his Paris sojourn, he returned regularly to Amsterdam, to have triumphs at each opera evening in La Juive, Les Huguenots, Pagliacci, Cavalleria Rusticana, etc. In 1918, during the time he remained in Holland, Morrisson signed a very advantageous "exclusive" contract for a period of five years with the Homocord Company, but during the time of his great triumphs in France, the recordings were made, less a couple, in both the French and Dutch languages. In this way a double clientele could be satisfied. During this five-year period several other recording companies asked for M. Morrisson, but had to remain unsatisfied owing to the contract. However, at the end of 1923 the Gramophone Company (H.M.V.) made a proposition, but not very satisfied with the contract offered, with the assistance of a legal adviser, he made propositions to this company that wanted him. The discussions were long and difficult and lasted until January 12th, 1925, as evidenced by the voluminous correspondence, and on that date a first five-year contract was signed. M. Morrisson obtained what he desired, the contract fixing certain advantageous conditions, especially that which obliged the company: 1. (a) To pay a high and fixed remuneration for each piece recorded, and (b) to pay 5 per cent on the sale of each record, made by the company, for the duration of his life. 2. Should M. Morrisson die during the five-year period of the contract the company would continue to pay this percentage, under the same conditions, to his heirs and successors, for a period of ten years commencing at the date of decease. These conditions granted him have not been obtained by any other artist, no matter how famous, in this period by the company. On January 12th, 1930, by mutual agreement, the contract was renewed on the same terms for a further period of five years. An inexplicable and unfortunate sequel was that during the period of the second contract, covering the period January 12th, 1930, to January 11th, 1935, M. Morrisson died on January 30th, 1934, during the period of its validity. The heirs found to their surprise that the company put an embargo on his records the day after his decease, stopping every delivery and sale. Why? remains a mystery that has not been explained up to this day. But to find out what kind of person our artist was, in a newspaper we read: "The short but very brilliant appearance of the loved tenor gives us the opportunity to chatter for an hour with this great artist, who in spite of his splendid triumphs and ever-increasing fame, remains one of the world’s most modest and simple men. He has kept intact his independent and sincere character, a trait of which he can be proud. This outspoken, frank character won him some solid sympathetic friends, but also some bitter animosity, for the theatrical world tends to prefer those who feign and flatter-hypocrites; and the struggle to reach the top is certainly not less in the case of a world-famous tenor." In his correspondence we find everywhere indications of a man who was very sensitive to the misfortunes of others, full of goodwill to everyone he met. Those with whom he was personally acquainted certify that he had a golden heart, always ready to assist his fellow men. He was easily excited, but rapidly gained control of himself. He was a very kind, frank and loyal character. Even at the peak of his career he remained simple with no trace of condescension to his less gifted colleagues, or others. And his pastimes? When he had any free days in Paris his favourite diversion was to make a tour of the antique dealers there, to visit the sale-rooms, as his great passion was the collection of period furniture and paintings by the early masters. He possessed a large collection of pictures in his Paris residence, as well as in his villa - called "Il Trovatore" in memory of his opera debut - and where he spent his annual vacation. Musical composition too was one of his preferred pastimes, he left some very nice pieces, very attractive by their musical intensity or most appropriate text; he wrote under the nom-de-plume "Somoye", see the following records; La Marche a Venus (No, 3) Favorite Records, for this he wrote both lyrics and music. Heil! Heil' Mannen van den Yser (No. 146) Homocord Records andMadeliefke 'n bloemke (No. 171) H.M.V. Records for which he wrote the lyrics, but the music in co-operation with Van den Eynde.

Chronology of some appearances

Il Trovatore-Amsterdam, Rembrandt, 1 October 1909 - Martha-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - Cavalleria Rusticana-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - Pagliacci-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - Quinten Maasijs-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - Eugene Onegin-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - Le Jongleur de Notre Dame-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - I Gioielli della Madonna-Amsterdam, Rembrandt - Liefdelied-Anversa, Flemish Opera, 1911/3 - Les Contes d'Hoffmann-Anversa, Flemish Opera, 1911/3 - Der Kuhreigen-Anversa, Flemish Opera, 1911/3 - Shylock-Anversa, Flemish Opera, 1911/3 - Il Barbiere di Siviglia (Paisiello)-Anversa, Flemish Opera, 1911/3 - La Juive-Paris, Gaîté Lyrique, 1921 - Les Huguenots-Verviers, Royal, 13 April 1925 - Tosca-Verviers, Royal, 9 May 1925 - Werther-Verviers, Royal, 16 May 1925 - Das Land des Lächelns-Anversa, Royal, July 1932 - Graaf Chabert - Guillaume Tell t. olandese.

RECORDINGS FOR SALE








Columbia (1910-1914)
De Troubadour : (Il Trovatore) O dood der schande' (Di quella pira) 36275 D-6312
La Traviata: Een dronk! (Libiam nei lieti) 36277 D-6312
La Favorite: Engel zo rein! (Spirto gentil) 75596 D-17067
Faust: Gegroet verblijf! (Salut demeure) 75595 D-17047
Faust: Sta me toe eenmaal (Laissé-moi) 75593 &-17047
De Troubadour: (Il Trovatore) 'T ogenblik is thans (Perigliarti ancor) 75592 D-17045
De Troubadour: (Il Trovatore) O! Laat geen bange vrees (O si ben mio) 75591 D-17045

Homocord (1919-1924)
Herodiade: Heer, de drang van! (Ne pouvant reprimer) 51581
Cavalleria: Moeder, de wijn! (Mamma quel vino) 5260
De Troubadour: (Il Trovatore) O laat geen bange vrees (O si ben mio) 5258
Carmen: De bloem die gij! (La fleur que tu) 5250
Martha:Ach zo lief! (Ach so fromm) 5252
Mignon: Vaarwel Mignon! (Adieu Mignon) 51054
Cavalleria: Zoete wijn bedwelmt (Viva el vino) 51055
La Gioconda: Hemel en zee) (Cielo è mar) 51051
La Tosca: Een zoete harmonie (Recondita armonia)51052
La Boheme: Uw handen zijn bevroren (Che gelida manina) 51053
La Traviata: Een dronk ! (Libiam nei lieti) 51041
La Tosca: De sterren straalden (E lucevan le stelle) 50620
Mignon : Neen, zij geloofde niet (Elle ne croyait) 50621
Cavalleria: O Lola schone bloem- (Siciliana) 50623
Paljas: (Pagliacci) Thans te spelen. (Vesti la giubba) 50622
De Hugenoten: (Les Huguenots) Rein ald de sneeuw (Plus blanche) 50625
W1llem Tell: (Guglielmo Tell) Verblijf voor mij! (O muto asil) 50624
De Jodin: (La Juive) God dat mijn loflied (Dieu que ma voix) 50626
Fanciulla del West: Ch'ella mi creda libero (in Italian) 50527
Faust: Gegroet verblijf door haar. (Salut demeure chaste) 50628
Aida: O, waar ik veldheer (Se quel guerrier) 50629
La Traviata: O laat ons vluchten (Dei miei bollenti) with Bouwmeester 51040
Cavalleria: Neen! Neen, Turiddo. (No, no, Turiddo) with Santhagens 51039
Faust: Verloren, verloren! (Alerte! Alerte!) with Van Bosch and Bouwmeester) 51031
Rigoletto: Ja, aan U behoord mijn leven. (Belle figlia) with Santhagens-Van Bosch and Bouwmeester 51032
Butterfly: Wel, nu sprak hij de waarheid. (Ed e bella sposa) with Van Bosch 51028
De Macht Van Het Noodlot: (Forza del Destino) In deze heil'ge stonde (Solenne in quest'ora) with Van Bosch 51027
Faure. Le Crucifix! (in Dutch) with Van Bosch 50652
Goublier. Angelus der zee (L'Angelus de la mer) with Van Bosch 50651
CArmen. Ik ben Escamillo (Je suis Escamillo) with Van Bosch 50653
De Parelvissers: (Les pecheurs de Perles) Daar ver in d'heilige Tempel (Au fond du Temple Saint) with Van Bosch 2-50650
Lucia van Lammermoor: (Lucia di Lammermoor) Edgard, ja ik! (O piu rapido) with Van Bosch 2-50654
De Stomme van Portici: (La Muette de Portici) Veel liever sterven (Plutôt mourir) with Van Bosch 50649
Lakme (Delibes): Fantaisie aux divins mensonges 51050


Nikolai Rostovsky (Tenor) (1873/1875? – St. Petersburg 1949)




His real surname was Frumson and he was of jewish origin. He studied singing at Rostov-on-Don under Eugene Ryadnov. Additionally  perfected his vocal art at Paris with Giovanni Sbriglia. He made his debut as Eleazar in Halevy’s ‘’La Juive’’ at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg (1902). He appeared also at the Covent Garden in London.

Chronology of some appearances

1902—04 St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre
1904—05 Kiev Opera House
1907 St. Petersburg National Opera House
1907—09 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
1909 St. Petersburg National Opera House
1909 Kazan Opera House
1909 Lisbon San Carlo
1911—20 St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre

RECORDINGS FOR SALE








G&T
Eugen Onegin (Tchaikovsky): Lontan, lontan 22802 442x

Beka
Carmen (Bizet): Il fior 45335


Jul 19, 2014

Kurt Sommer (Tenor) (Altengottern, Thüringen 1868 – Berlin 1921)


                                                                 Manrico

His complete name was Kurt Christoph Gottfried Sommer. He studied singing at the conservatoire of Dresden under Gustav Scharfe. His stage debut occurred in 1889 at the Municipal Theatre of Königsberg. In the 1890-92 seasons he sang at the Opera House in Cologne, then in the 1892-93 season again at Königsberg. In 1893 he became a member of the Berlin Court Opera, where he remained up to his death. In the 1904-06 seasons  he appeared at the Court Theatre in Wiesbaden (sang there on 15. 11. 1905 in the premiere of the opera ‘’Die Barbarina’’ of Otto Neitzel), then he returned again to Berlin. In 1902 he sang at the Berlin Court Opera in the premiere of the opera ‘’Der Improvisator’’ of E. d'Albert. In 1898 he made guest appearances at the Imperial Court Opera in St. Petersburg and sang in the premières there of ‘’Meistersinger’’ and ‘’Fliegenden Holländers’’ in the parts of Walther von Stolzing and Erik. He also appeared in Dresden (since 1896), Karlsruhe (1905), Weimar (1904), Frankfurt a. M. (1900, 1904), Hamburg (1900, 1909), Bern (1907), Riga (1901), Stockholm (1901), Holland and Belgium. Besides roles in Wagner’s operas, he also performed as Masaniello in ‘’La Muette de Portici’’ of Auber, Arnoldo in Rossini’s ‘’Wilhelm Tell’’, Faust in Gounod’s ‘’Faust’’, Chapelou in ‘’Postillon de Lonjumeau’’ of Adam, Manrico in ‘’Trovatore’’, Canio in ‘’Pagliacci’’, Almaviva in ‘’Barbierei di Siviglia’’, Alfred in "Die Fledermaus".

Chronology of some appearances

1889 Königsberg Municipal Theatre
1890 Cologne Opera House
1892 Königsberg Municipal Theatre
1893 Berlin Court Opera
1904 Wiesbaden Theatre

RECORDINGS FOR SALE








Columbia, Berlin 1906?
Postillon de Longjumeau (Adam): Postillonlied 40821

Gramophone, Berlin 1910-09-17
Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Wagner): Selig wie die Sonne with Denera, Arndt-Ober, Jörn & Zador 044169 499s

Gramophone, Berlin 1912-08-31
Rheingold (Wagner): Ihrem Ende eilen sie zu with von Skilondz, Arndt-Ober, von Scheele-Müller & Körfer 044216 141al
Rheingold (Wagner): Schwüles Gedünst schwebt in der Luft with Körfer 044217 142al

Gramophone, Berlin 1912-11-06
Lohengrin (Wagner): Du kündest nun dein wahr' Gericht (Königsgebet, pt 2) with van Endert, Arndt-Ober, Knüpfer, Habich & chorus 044230 299al


Jul 12, 2014

Thomas (Tom) Burke (Tenor) (Leigh, Lancashire 1890 – Leigh 1969)




He sang as a boy in the church choir of his home town, then studied singing under Amy Sherwin in London and under Ernesto Colli and Fernando de Lucia in Italy. In 1917 he debuted at the Teatro Lirico in Milan as Duke in ‘’Rigoletto’’. During the First World War he appeared in Italian opera houses, especially in Naples and Palermo. In 1919 he was engaged by the Covent Garden in London, where he sang the lyrical Italian repertoire and appeared in 1920 in the English première of Puccini’s ‘’Il Tabarro’’ and ‘’Gianni Schicchi’’. In 1919 he sang there in an important performance of Borodin’s ‘’Prince Igor’’. In 1925 he made guest appearance during a North American tour at the Chicago Opera. Till 1928 he appeared at the Covent Garden, however, sang also with several smaller English opera troops. In 1928 he performed at the Opera House of Monte Carlo as Rodolfo in ‘’Bohème’’ and at the Opéra-Comique in Paris (under the name Tom Burke) as Cavaradossi in ‘’Tosca’’. After his retirement he lived in his hometown Leigh.

Chronology of some appearances

1917 Milan Teatro Lirico Rigoletto
1919 London Covent Garden Prince Igor
1920 London Covent Garden Il Tabarro
1920 London Covent Garden Gianni Schicchi
1928 Monte Carlo Opera House
1928 Paris Opéra-Comique

RECORDINGS FOR SALE








Columbia 1920/1921 
Rigoletto (Verdi): Questa o quella 7346 76406
Rigoletto (Verdi): La donna e mobile 7346 76405
Aida (Verdi): Celeste Aida 7347 76547
Boheme (Puccini): Che gelida manina 7347 76599
Tosca (Puccini): Recondita armonia 7200 76366
Manon (Massenet): Le reve 7204 76402

Columbia 1920's
Kathleen Mavourneen  (Crouch) 33007 140913
Killamey (Balfe) 33007 140914
The snowy-breasted pearl (Robinson) 536D 141250
The Irish emigrant (Barker) 5361 141251

Columbia 1927
Tosca (Puccini): E lucevan le stelle D15930 
Turandot (Puccini): Nessun dorma D15930 A6145
The minstrel boy (Trad,) D1594 A5659
Esmerelda (Goring-Thomas): O vision entrancing  L1951 AX2881
My dreams (Tosti) L1951 WAX 2865

Dominion 1929
Serse (Handel): Ombra mai fu C345 1627

Imperial 1930's
Pagliacci (Leoncavallo): Vesti la giubba Z125 TI176
Stormalong (Shanty) 3219
Serenata (Toselli) Z120 160A
Dorothy (Cellier): Queen of my heart Z121 173
Excelsior (Balfe): Duo with Foster Richardson Z144 T210
O sole mio (Du Capua) Z144 TI209



















Nikolai Sereda (Tenor) (Ukraine 1890 - Leningrad 1948)



                                                                 Lensky

In 1925, he finished the Moscow conservatoire in the class of G. Gandolfi. Sereda perfected his singing in Italy and Germania. During 1925-35, he sang at diverse theatres in Russia and duing 1935 -1948 sang at the Mariinski. Among his best roles were: Lenski, Levko, Berendei, Vladimir Dubrovski, Duca, Alfred, and Almaviva. 

Chronology of some appearances

1926-1933 Kharkov Opera House
1933-1935 Sverdlovsk Opera House

RECORDINGS FOR SALE








Demon (Rubinstein): Sinodal's scene
The Tsar's Bride (Rimsky-Korsakov): Aria of Lykov