La Boheme (Giacomo Puccini) Premiere, 1 February 1896. Cesira Ferrani (Mimi) and Evan Gorga (Rodolfo)

Oct 25, 2014

Enrique de la Vara (Tenor) (? 1911 - ?)

Estudió canto en su ciudad natal, con Eladio Chao. Sorprendentemente debutó como barítono en el año 1930. Alternó ópera y zarzuela, pero la primera constituyó su más clara ambición. Con el consiguiente cambio de registro en su voz, y durante la segunda mitad de los años cuarenta, cantó obras tan variopintas como ‘’Il Barbiere di Siviglia’’, ‘’Rigoletto’’ o ‘’Madama Butterfly’’. En 1950 le fue concedida la medalla de oro del Círculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid. Contratado para actuar en Puerto Rico, visitó varios países de Hispanoamérica y fijó su residencia en Venezuela donde siguió actuando en conciertos y en la televisión del país. Hombre polifacético, se dedicó también a la pintura y a la enseñanza musical, siendo un enamorado de su pueblo, que en el año 1951 le concedió el título de "hijo predilecto".

Chronology of some appearances

1946 Barcelona Teatro Calderón Il Barbiere di Siviglia (Almaviva)


Yo sol el contrabandista (E. de la Vara/F. Gravina): Cancion P18226 C9312


Rosa Olitzka (Mezzo-Soprano) (Berlin 1873 - Chicago 1949)

Her family was of Polish descent. She studied singing under Julius Hey in Berlin and with Désirée Artôt de Padilla in Paris. Already in 1889 she gave in Berlin a concert. She made her debut in 1892 at the Opera House in Brünn (Brno). Then she was engaged by the Court Theatre in Hannover (1892-1893) and in the 1893-1894 season at the Municipal Theatre in Hamburg. In 1894 she made guest appearance at the Court Opera in Dresden. In 1894 she appeared at the Covent Garden, where she sang the role of Urbain in ‘’Gli Ugonotti’’ by G. Meyerbeer. Till 1897 she worked constantly at this opera house, where she also guested again in 1901, 1905 and 1907. In 1894 she took part in an USA tour of the Damrosch Opera Company. In  the 1895-1901 seasons she was a member of the Metropolitan Opera in New York (beginning part: Siebel in ‘’Faust’’ of C. Gounod). At the Metropolitan Opera she appeared in a huge number of roles, among other things as Fricka, Brangäne in ‘’Tristan und Isolde’’, Ortrud in ‘’Lohengrin’’, Maddalena in ‘’Rigoletto’’, Amneris in ‘’Adia’’, Stéphano in ‘’Roméo et Juliette’’ by C. Gounod and as Lola in ‘’Cavalleria Rusticana’’. In 1898 with great successf she performed at the Court Opera in St. Petersburg. In 1902 she sang th role of  Waltraute at the Théâtre Château d'Eau in Paris in the French première of "Götterdämmerung". This role she repeated later also at the Paris Grand Opéra. In 1902 she made guest appearance at the Teatro Alla Scala as Amneris in ‘’Aida’’. In 1903 she sang at the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels. Till 1910 she guested primarily at the famous German opera houses and sang also at the Grand Opéra and at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. In  the 1910-1911 season she was engaged by the Chicago Opera, later she sang at the Boston Opera and made guest performances and concerts in Europe like in North America. Then she sat down in Chicago as a pedagogue. Her nephew Walter Olitzki (1899-1949) had a successful career as baritone and sang among other things in the 1939-1947 seasons  at the Metropolitan Opera in New York.

Chronology of some appearances

Ein Hirtenknabe 12/28/1899 (in Filadelfia)Siébel 2/1/191900, Wellgunde 2/6/191900, Schwertleite 2/8/191900, Zweite Norn 2/15/191900, Floßhilde 2/15/191900, Ein Hirtenknabe 12/27/191900, Fricka 1/10/191901, Waltraute 1/10/191901, Wellgunde 1/24/191901, Grimgerde 1/29/191901, Floßhilde 2/5/191901, Ein Hirtenknabe 2/14/191901, La cieca 12/30/1907, Azucena 1/1/1908 (Filadelfia)


G&T, London 1901-06
Morgenhymne (Henschel) 43766
Ich liebe dich (Grieg) 43776 3994h

Edison 2-min cylinders, Berlin 1907?
Trovatore (Verdi): Lodernde Flammen 15861

Columbia, New York 1911-09
Prophète (Meyerbeer): Ah! mon fils A5340 30838

Columbia, New York 1911-09-18
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Frau Holda kam aus dem Berg hervor 30849 A5340

The Historic Record Society
Lucrezia Borgia (Donizetti): Brindisi HRS 1032-A

Léon Rothier (Bass) (Reims 1874 - New York 1951)

He began his career as a violinist, then studied singing at the Paris Conservatoire under Paul Lhérie. He made his debut in 1899 at the Paris Opéra-Comique as Jupiter in ‘’Philémon et Baucis’’ by Gounod. He remained active till 1907 at the Opéra-Comique, where he appeared on 2. 2. 1900 in the premiere of G. Charpentier’s ‘’Louise’’ and on 11. 4. 1900 in ‘’Le Juif Polonais’’ of Camille Erlanger. Since 1907 he worked not only at the opera houses of Marseille and Nice, but also in other French provincial theatres and at the Opera House in Monte Carlo. In 1910 he was engaged by the Metropolitan Opera in New York, beginning a 30-year association with this opera house. In 1911 he sang there in the première of the opera "Ariane et Barbe-Bleue" by Dukas, in 1913 in ‘’Boris Godunov’’, in 1922 in ‘’Le Roi d'Ys’’ of Lalo. He sang at the Metropolitan Opera also in the premieres of the operas ‘’L'Oiseau blue’’ by Albert Wolff (27. 12. 1920) and ‘’Peter Ibbetson’’ of Deems Taylor (7. 2. 1931). In the 1918-1931 he made guest appearances at San Francisco Opera. He also sang at the Ravinia Summer Opera near Chicago. He was still fulfilling public singing engagements in New York City as late as 1949, at the Town Hall performance space. During the first marriage he was married with the soprano Mariette Mazarin (1877-1952) from whom he separated. His second marriage with contralto Maria Duchêne (*1884 - ?). At the age of 76 he entered the third marriage, however, died shortly after.

Chronology of some appearances

Le comte Des Grieux 1/28/1913, Le comte de Saint-Bris 3/25/1913, Ramfis 11/25/1913, Pimen 1/26/1915, 3/10/1914, Zuniga 4/20/1915, Ferrando 11/23/1915, Le comte Des Grieux 11/30/1915, Count des Grieux 11/30/1915, Tom 12/21/1915, Raimondo Bidebent 2/8/1916, Ramfis 6/6/1916, Un vieillard hébreu 11/28/1916, Ferrando 12/12/1916, Zuniga 1/9/1917, Pimen 4/17/1917, Zuniga 3/26/1918, Un vieillard hébreu 4/9/1918, Ferrando 4/16/1918, Il sultano di Khïatân 11/19/1918, Ferrando 3/4/1919, César 3/18/1919, Méphistophélès 4/15/1919, Le Cardinal de Brogni 11/30/1920, La père 3/8/1921, Sparafucile 3/15/1921, Ramfis 3/22/1921, Le comte Des Grieux 3/29/1921, Méphistophélès 4/12/1921, La père 12/6/1921, Le roi 1/10/1922, Un vieillard hébreu 4/18/1922, Frère Laurent 1/23/1923, Ded Moroz 3/27/1923, Le Grand Inquisiteur 4/17/1923, Le Grand-Prêtre de Brama 4/17/1923, Veit Pogner 12/11/1923, Le Grand Inquisiteur 1/22/1924, Le Grand-Prêtre de Brama 1/22/1924, Father 3/4/1924, Timour 3/18/1924, Ein Eremit 4/8/1924, Frère Laurent 2/17/1925, Veit Pogner 3/31/1925, Le Grand Inquisiteur 12/1/1925, Le Grand-Prêtre de Brama 12/1/1925, Le Cardinal de Brogni 2/16/1926, Veit Pogner 3/16/1926, Le Grand Inquisiteur 11/9/1926, Le Grand-Prêtre de Brama 11/9/1926, Lothario 4/12/1927, Alvise Badoero 11/1/1927, Colline 11/29/1927, Oroveso 12/27/1927, Dr. Miracle 2/14/1928, Archibaldo 2/21/1928, Sparafucile 3/20/1928, Le comte d’Oberthal 4/10/1928, Le Grand Inquisiteur 11/20/1928, Le Grand-Prêtre de Brama 11/20/1928, Le comte Des Grieux 1/1/1929, Pimen 3/12/1929, Veit Pogner 12/17/1929, Frère Laurent 1/28/1930, Méphistophélès 2/18/1930, La père 4/15/1930, Il Commendatore 12/9/1930, Méphistophélès 2/3/1931, Major Duquesnois 3/3/1931, Arkel 3/17/1931, Walter Furst 4/7/1931, Le comte Des Grieux 11/3/1931, Sparafucile 1/19/1932, Major Duquesnois 3/1/1932, Frère Laurent 3/29/1932, Arkel 1/31/1933, Sparafucile 2/7/1933, Le comte Des Grieux 3/7/1933, Méphistophélès 7/24/1933, 8/24/1933, Sparafucile 8/25/1933, Ramfis 8/26/1933, Colline 8/28/1933, Ramfis 9/1/1933, Méphistophélès 9/5/1933, Dr. Miracle 9/9/1933, Nilakantha 12/19/1933, Le comte Des Grieux 1/30/1934, Frère Laurent 2/20/1934, Raimondo Bidebent 3/6/1934 (Filadelfia).


Victor, New York 1914-04-03
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): La rivedrò nell'estasi with Caruso, Hempel, de Segurola & chorus 89077 C14659
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): È scherzo od è follia with Caruso, Hempel, Duchêne, de Segurola & chorus 89076 C14660

Columbia, New York 1916-03-16
Zauberflöte (Mozart): O Isis et Osiris A5812 48632
Caïd (Thomas): Air du tambour-major A5876 48634

Columbia, New York 1916-03-27
Don Carlo (Verdi): Ella giammai m'amo A5812 48659

Oct 24, 2014

Augusto Ferrauto (Tenor) (Napoli 1903 - Napoli 1986)

He received his education in his hometown Naples. After his debut at the Teatro Ponchielli in Cremona as Rodolfo in G. Puccini's ''La Bohème'', he sang at the famous Italian opera houses, among other things in the 1935-1938 seasons at the Opera House in Rome (Luigi in G. Puccini's ''Il Tabarro'', Rinuccio in ''Gianni Schicchi'', Pinkerton in ''Madama Butterfy'', in 1942 in the Italian première of O. Gerster's' ''Enoch Arden''), in 1938 at the Teatro Comunale in Bologna (as Enzo in ''La Gioconda'' by A. Ponchielli), in 1939 at the Teatro Comunale in Florence, in the 1940-1942 seasons at the Teatro Alla Scala. His career reached the climax in the 1944-1946 seasons, when he sang at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples. He guested with the ensemble of the Teatro San Carlo in 1946 in London. His extensive repertoire included roles like the Radames in ''Aida'', Riccardo in ''Un ballo in maschera'', Rodolfo in ''La Bohème'', Cavaradossi in ''Tosca'', Calaf in ''Turandot'', Enzo in ''La Gioconda'' by A. Ponchielli, Turiddu in ''Cavalleria Rusticana'', Canio in ''Pagliacci'' and Don José in ''Carmen''. He also appeared in contemporary operas of Zandonai, Rocca, Malipiero and in other modern works. In 1935 he sang at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples in the premiere of the opera ''Liolà'' by Giuseppe Mulè, in 1938 at the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genova in the opera ''Donata''of Gaspare Scuderi. After ending of his career he worked in Naples as a singing teacher.

Chronology of some appearances

1935-1938 Rome Opera House
1938 Bologna Teatro Comunale
1939 Florence Teatro Comunale
1940-1942 Milan Teatro Alla Scala
1944-1946 Naples Teatro San Carlo


Cetra, 1937-11-06
Bohème (Puccini): Che gelida manina CB20246 2-70073
Tosca (Puccini): E lucevan le stelle CB20246 2-70074

Cetra, 1938-07-14/15
Tosca (Puccini): Recondita armonia CB20248 2-70124
Madama Butterfly (Puccini): Addio fiorito asil CB20280 2-70125
Turandot (Puccini): Non piangere, Liù CB20248 2-70126
Andrea Chénier (Giordano): Un dì, all'azzurro spazio CB20281 2-70130

Cetra, 1940-06-28
Gioconda (Ponchielli): Cielo e mar CC2302 2-70449

Cetra, 1940-06-29
Carmen (Bizet): Il fior CB20282 2-70450
Cavalleria Rusticana (Mascagni): Mamma, quel vino è generoso CB20282 2-70451
Andrea Chénier (Giordano): Sì, fui soldato CB20281 2-70452
Turandot (Puccini): Nessun dorma CB20280 2-70454

Oddo Galeotti (Baritone)

      Corrado Barbieri, Oddo Galeotti, Maria Viscardi, Gennaro Napoli, Enrico Pazzi and Stanislao Falchi

Probably he made his debut in 1910 at the Teatro Dell'Aquila in Fermo as Escamilio in G. Bizet’s ‘’Carmen’’. He retired from the stage in 1930.

Chronology of some appearances

1910 Fermo Teatro Dell'Aquila Carmen (Escamillo)
1912 Pistoia Teatro Manzoni  Fedora (De Siriex)
1914 Novara Teatro Coccia Favorita (Alfonso)
1915 Bari Teatro Petruzzelli Ballo in Maschera (Renato)
1919 Roma Teatro Adriano Faust (Valentino)
1921 Roma Teatro Quirino Traviata (Germont)
1923 Livorno Teatro Rossini  Pescatori di Perle (Zurga)
1925 Cesena Teatro Comunale Madama Butterfly (Sharpless)
1928 Ravenna  Teatro Mariani Carmen (Escamillo)
1930 Parma Politeama Reinach Fedora (De Siriex)


Gramophone, Milano 1909-12-09
Trovatore (Verdi): Il balen 252006 14044b

Giuseppe Gaudenzi (Tenor) (Bologna 1880 - ? 1955)


He made his debut in Italy. Giuseppe Gaudenzi never made records.

Chronology of some appearances

1910 Brescia Teatro Grande Loreley (Walter)
1912 Philadelphia Opera Manon Lescaut (De Grieux)
1912 Philadelphia Opera Cavalleria Rusticana (Turiddu)
1913 Boston Opera Pagliacci (Canio)
1916 Philadelphia Opera Boheme (Rodolfo)
1916 Philadelphia Opera Madama Butterfly (Pinkerton)
1917 St. Louis Opera House Carmen (Don Jose)

Germano Stoppa (Bartione)

In 1897 he appeared in concert at the Milan Conservatory. He made only two records for G&T.

Chronology of appearance

1897 Milan Conservatory Concert


G&T, Milano 1905
Traviata (Verdi): Morrò, la mia memoria with Emma Trentini 54258 7044b